Evaluation of Fusarium Head Blight Resistance in Tetraploid Wheat (Triticum turgidum L.)
- R. E. Olivera,
- X. Caia,
- T. L. Friesenc,
- S. Halleyd,
- R. W. Stackb and
- S. S. Xu *c
- a Dep. of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State Univ., Fargo, ND 58105
c USDA-ARS, Northern Crop Science Lab., P.O. Box 5677, Fargo, ND 58105
d Langdon Research Extension Center, North Dakota State Univ., Langdon, ND 58249. Mention of trade names or commercial products in this article is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture
b Dep. of Plant Pathology, North Dakota State Univ., Fargo, ND 58105
Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum) production in North America in recent years has been seriously threatened by epidemics of Fusarium head blight (FHB), caused mainly by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe [teleomorph Gibberella zeae (Schw.) Petch]. Deployment of FHB-resistant cultivars has been considered the most effective and cost-efficient strategy to combat this disease; however, progress in developing FHB-resistant durum wheat cultivars has been hindered by a lack of effective sources of resistance. The objective of this study is to identify tetraploid wheat germplasm that could be used to enhance FHB resistance in durum wheat. We evaluated FHB reactions in 376 accessions of five cultivated subspecies of T. turgidum, including Persian wheat [T. turgidum subsp. carthlicum (Nevski) Á. Löve and D. Löve], cultivated emmer wheat [T. turgidum subsp. dicoccum (Schrank ex Schübler) Thell.], Polish wheat [T. turgidum subsp. polonicum (L.) Thell.], Oriental wheat [T. turgidum subsp. turanicum (Jakubz.) Á. Löve and D. Löve], and Poulard wheat (T. turgidum L. subsp. turgidum). We used point inoculation to evaluate resistance to the spread of infection over three greenhouse seasons and used the grain inoculum method of inoculation to evaluate putatively resistant accessions in two field locations. Preliminary evaluation data showed that 16 T. turgidum subsp. carthlicum and 4 T. turgidum subsp. dicoccum accessions consistently exhibited resistance or moderate resistance to FHB. These accessions likely carry genetic resistance to FHB and could be used directly in breeding programs to enhance FHB resistance in durum wheat.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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